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¿Sientes que tu cuerpo se quiebra en mil pedazos?

De acuerdo a cifras de la Asociación Mexicana de Metabolismo Óseo y Mineral (AMMOM), en México al menos 17% de las mujeres y alrededor de 9%, de 50 años y más, sufren osteoporosis en la columna lumbar, mientras que en ese orden 16 y 6% la padecen en la cadera.

En total, 1.5 millones de mujeres padecen esta enfermedad incapacitante, mientras que alrededor del mundo, una de cada tres personas mayores de 50 años la padece.

 Densitometria deteccion oportuna de osteoporosis

Osteoporosis, una enfermedad que afecta sin avisar

Al principio, esta enfermedad no presenta síntomas obvios, por lo que muchas mujeres y hombres ignoran que la padecen. La osteoporosis se caracteriza cuando el organismo no es capaz de formar suficiente hueso nuevo, cuando gran cantidad del hueso antiguo es reabsorbido por el cuerpo o en ambos casos. De igual forma, cuando disminuyen los niveles de estrógenos y progesterona durante la menopausia, los huesos empiezan a perder masa, con lo cual, las mujeres pueden llegar a perder la mitad de su masa ósea al cumplir los 80 años de edad.

¿Cuáles son las causas de la osteoporosis?

Los principales factores de riesgo son:

  • Disminución de los niveles de estrógenos en las mujeres durante la menopausia y la disminución de testosterona en los hombres.
  • Una masa ósea deficiente.
  • Amenorrea (falta de periodos menstruales).
  • Hipertiroidismo.
  • Herencia.
  • Tabaquismo. En este caso, la menopausia puede llegar cinco años antes de lo normal en mujeres fumadoras.
  • La histerectomía y la extirpación de los ovarios producen pérdida de masa ósea.
  • Corticosteroides. Si has tomado cortisona o prednisona por largos periodos de tiempo, las posibilidades de padecer osteoporosis son altas.

¿Cuáles son los síntomas?

La osteoporosis no presenta síntomas durante las primeras etapas, pero en la enfermedad avanzada pueden aparecer las siguientes señales:

 Por lo general, las fracturas de muñeca o de cadera son los primeros síntomas.

  • Dolor o sensibilidad en los huesos.
  • Dolor en la parte alta o baja de la espalda, así como articulaciones inflamadas.
  • Pérdida de estatura con el tiempo.
  • Dolor de cuello a causa de las fracturas de los huesos de la columna.
  • Postura encorvada, llamada también “joroba de viuda”.

Dolor por osteoporosis

¿Qué pruebas ayudan al diagnóstico de la osteoporosis?

 

Densitometría: Mide la cantidad de hueso que la persona tiene. Mediante este examen, el médico predice el riesgo de fracturas óseas en el futuro y así detectar osteoporosis. Las personas con las siguientes características deberían hacerse esta prueba:

  • Mujeres mayores de 65 y hombres mayores de 70 años.
  • Mujeres menores de 65 y hombres de entre 50 y 70 años con los siguientes factores de riesgo: fractura ósea causada por actividades normales; artritis reumatoide crónica; enfermedad renal crónica; trastornos alimentarios; menopausia precoz; antecedentes de tratamiento hormonal para cáncer de mama o de próstata; tabaquismo; alcoholismo; pérdida importante de la estatura.

Tomografía computarizada de la columna vertebral: En casos muy especiales el médico puede utilizar esta prueba, la cual puede mostrar la pérdida de la densidad ósea y es una herramienta perfecta para la evaluación de fracturas y cambios degenerativos de la columna.

Exámenes de sangre y orina: En caso de que la osteoporosis se deba a un problema médico, es posible que el profesional de la salud ordene este tipo de estudios.

¿Cómo puedes prevenir las fracturas?

  • Con ejercicio regular, dieta equilibrada y un estado de alerta mental pueden disminuir los riesgos.
  • Mantener una visión saludable.
  • Reducir los peligros en casa, haciendo a un lado cables sueltos y alfombras.
  • Tener cuidado al subir o bajar escaleras.
  • Controlando el estado salud en general.

Osteoporosis tratamiento Densitometría

La mejor manera de hacer frente a la osteoporosis, es prevenirla al mejorar la densidad ósea desde la juventud, mediante una buena alimentación y ejercicio. Pero recuerda, si presentas los síntomas característicos de esta enfermedad no dudes en acudir con tu médico, quien evaluará tu situación de salud y te ayudará por medio del tratamiento correcto.

 

 

Referencia informativa: Dr. Stoppard M., Menopausia, una guía completa para mantener la salud y el bienestar, y vivir al máximo esta etapa de tu vida, Editorial Planeta S.A. de C.V., 2002, México D.F., pp. 67-69; Editor en Jefe Hagen Philip, M.D., Clínica Mayo, Guía de autocuidados, Intersistemas Editores, 2001, Pág. 149; Dr. Palacios S. y Dr.  Hernández K., Comprender la osteoporosis, qué es y cómo se forma, Amat Editorial, Barcelona Esáña, 2009, pp. 47-50; http://www.ammom.com.mx/index2.html
 
 

Cuida tu salud con estas promociones.

Densitometría de columna y cadera

Densitometría de cuerpo entero

Perfil Densitometría

 

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